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Using Online Citators: KeyCite, Shepard's, and BCite

Provides an example of a case that has been overruled (negative treatment) on Westlaw

Why Use Online Citators


Citators Serve Two Distinct Purposes:

1. Validation - To make sure your case is still good law. 

2. Research - To find cases and other sources that have cited your case.

Citators Examine Two Things About a Case:

1. History of a Case - History refers to the procedural progress of your case through the appellate courts.  The litigation chain of your case.

2. Treatment of a Case - Treatment refers to the way in which your case is used as authority in subsequent cases.

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